Car Wreck TBIs: Not All Cook County Brain Injuries are Created Equal

Many Chicago residents are familiar with the term traumatic brain injury, or TBI. What many people do not know, however, is that TBI is a broad term used to describe many different types of brain injuries. Each type of head trauma is unique and ranges from mild to severe.

Brain injuries caused by car accidents are typically closed. A closed head injury occurs when there is a sudden, rapid movement that causes the brain to shake back and forth within the skull. When a vehicle is involved in a collision, the force of the accident causes the shaking of the brain and subsequent injury.

The diagnosis does not end there. If you incurred a Cook County brain injury, you may be suffering from one of the following:

  • Concussion: A concussion is a head trauma affecting the entire brain, following a blow or extreme shaking. As with any type of closed head injury, it is the shaking of the brain that damages the brain tissue. Concussions are temporary and cannot be diagnosed by MRI or CAT scans. Symptoms of a concussion include confusion, blurry vision, and loss of consciousness.
  • Contusion: A contusion is a localized injury that results in bruising from broken blood vessels. A contusion following a car accident, which involves violent shaking of the brain, is often referred to as contrecoup. Unlike a concussion, a contusion is visible on either an MRI or CAT scan.
  • Epidural Hematoma: An epidural hematoma results when a shaking or blow causes the brain to strike against the skull. Bleeding between the skull and the dura occurs and, as the blood pools, it has nowhere to exit. Pressure inside the skull then begins to build. This type of injury is dangerous because victims often will not have any symptoms until the pooling has caused life-threatening levels of intracranial pressure.
  • Subdural Hematoma: A subdural hematoma results when a Cook County car wreck causes bleeding between the dura and the arachnoid membrane. The subdural hematoma can be categorized as chronic, typically following a mild injury. It can also be categorized as acute, such as when an artery bursts, causing blood to pool and the pressure within the skull to build quickly. This injury is extremely dangerous and could result in death without immediate treatment. If the victim is lucky enough to survive, surgery, intense rehabilitation, and life long disabilities may follow.
  • Primary Brain Injury: A primary brain trauma happens during the car wreck causing the injury.
  • Secondary Brain Injury: A secondary brain injury occurs over time, developing after the car accident. Changes occur within the brain that further damage brain tissue.

Different categories of brain injuries may correspond to differing potential for damages and compensation following a car accident. Contact a Cook County brain injury attorney for a complimentary consultation. We invite you to fill out our online form or call our office at (847) 651-7191 for more information.

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